Small business tax deductions and credits not to miss this year.

Dec 07 2018 | Contributing writer Aaron Berson, manager and cloud accounting ecosystem curator, EisnerAmper

All business owners pay taxes. But a bit of research by you and your accounting professionals can help you avoid paying more in tax than you absolutely have to.
Please note: The information in this article does not constitute tax advice and should not be relied on as such. You should always obtain independent, professional accounting, tax, financial, and legal advice before engaging in any transaction.

Many people new to preparing business taxes miss out on a reduced tax bill because they don’t know about certain deductions or credits. Aaron Berson, manager and cloud accounting ecosystem curator at accounting firm EisnerAmper, gives some tips on tax deductions and credits to consider when discussing your taxes with your accounting advisors.
Home office deduction. If you work solely (or mostly) from home, Berson notes that you may be able to deduct costs related to the office space, such as rent or mortgage payments, insurance, utilities, and internet service. Your tax and accounting advisors can help you figure out how much might be deductible. In general, the amounts of the deductions are based on the square footage of the office compared to the rest of your home. For example, a 100-square-foot office in a 1,000-square-foot home may entitle you to deduct 10% of the indirect costs (like general home repairs); and you may be able to deduct 100% of direct costs.
Office furniture, computers, and decor. You may be able to deduct the cost of outfitting your home office with desks, chairs, computers, and shelves, but these deductions are treated differently than are expenses like rent and utilities. Furniture and decor are fixed assets, which you normally have to depreciate over several years – that is, you can only write off a portion of the item’s value each year. However, you may have the option to deduct the total cost of the item during the first year that you use it – this is called a “Section 179” election. Your accountant can help you complete the appropriate forms.
Often overlooked, Berson says, is that you may be able to deduct the cost of decorative items used solely for your office, like carpets and paintings – but only if they are low in value. (So don’t splurge on a vintage Persian carpet thinking you’ll be able to offload some of the cost to the IRS.)
Website costs. Many of the expenses associated with running your business website may be deductible – such as website hosting fees, web design services, logo design expenses, ecommerce payment processing fees, and stock photo rental costs.
Professional services fees. The costs of business-related legal and financial counsel may be deductible. But, Berson adds, don’t forget about other professional services you may have paid for, such as business coaching, weekend or seasonal employee retreats, and employee wellness sessions. Good advice from Berson: If some of the professional services are for personal use and not business, it’s best to have the provider create separate invoices for business and personal services.
Memberships and education. Not only may you be able to deduct costs for participating in professional organizations and networking events, you may be able to deduct the costs you cover for any employees’ participation. The same goes for business-related classes and continuing education you may fund.
Charitable donations. Just as you can deduct personal donations to your favorite organizations, your business may be able to deduct donations made in its name. The ability to deduct donations varies depending on the type of business you have – a sole proprietorship, an LLC, or a corporation.
Business funding. Don’t forget about the costs associated with keeping your business financially healthy. Most people know they can deduct accounting fees, but Berson explains that your business may be able to also deduct the interest on business loans, as well as legal fees associated with preparing loan contracts.
Marketing and advertising. This category also has many smaller costs that are easy to miss when deduction hunting. For instance, you may be able to deduct the cost of social media ads, as well as the cost of promotional materials for a trade show booth. You also may be able to deduct the cost of products you hand out to attendees at events, or sponsorship costs for conferences and trade shows.
Think about tax credits, not just deductions. Tax credits are more valuable to a small business than are deductions. Deductions lower your taxable income amount, while credits are direct dollar-for-dollar reductions of your tax bill. For example, if you’re investing in research and development for your business, you may be able to receive tax credits (as well as deductions). You also may be able to receive work opportunity tax credit (WOTC) for hiring military veterans and other people who have barriers to employment, such as formerly incarcerated people. And you may be able to get tax credits for buying alternative fuel vehicles, like electric cars.
Tax credits can apply to both state and federal taxes and vary widely in terms of amounts and categories. Ask your accountants to help you take advantage of tax credits – they can talk you through which ones may apply.
Think of the search for commonly overlooked tax deductions and credits as being a kind of treasure hunt. The more you find, the more money goes into your business.
Aaron Berson is a manager in EisnerAmper’s Private Business Services group. He serves a diverse client base from startups to mid-sized companies. His expertise includes financial statement preparation, tax preparation, and accounting system implementation and training as well as app ecosystem curation and education. 

This article is a general summary of certain U.S. Federal income tax laws and regulations relating to small businesses and is provided for informational purposes only. Neither PayPal nor EisnerAmper LLP represent or warrant that the guidance given in this article is complete, appropriate for any particular business purpose or use, or an accurate description of the laws that may apply to any particular taxpayer.

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FATCA affects holders of accounts that are outside the United States, and it requires PayPal to collect tax documents or certifications from account holders stating whether they are US persons. This includes, but is not limited to, business entities, and some individuals that open accounts outside the United States.

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